Editorial http://cameroon-concord.com Tue, 19 Nov 2019 03:58:40 +0000 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management en-gb Cameroon: Should the Anglophone Diaspora boycott Biya's Cosmetic Dialogue? http://cameroon-concord.com/cameroon-should-the-anglophone-diaspora-boycott-biya-s-cosmetic-dialogue http://cameroon-concord.com/cameroon-should-the-anglophone-diaspora-boycott-biya-s-cosmetic-dialogue Cameroon: Should the Anglophone Diaspora boycott Biya's Cosmetic Dialogue?

In a rather bizarre display of self-aggrandizing impertinence, Biya used his address to engage in confrontational political snipping against the Diaspora, blaming them for financing and fanning the Anglophone crisis. The President in very unglamorous terms described the Diaspora as criminals who no longer hold Cameroonian nationality and urged their host countries to expel them. {loadposition myposition}

It needs to be emphasized that such a confrontational disposition is unhelpful, as it further deepens the rumpus between the Diaspora and a government that views its citizens abroad with hostility and suspicion. Assuming arguendo that the Diaspora is financing the Ambazonia resistance, it certainly is not in the spirit of dialogue and reconciliation for Biya to issue threats at the same time that he is inviting the Diaspora to the negotiating table. What if the Anglophone Diaspora rejects the dialogue and increases its funding of the Ambazonia resistance? What will Biya do?{loadposition myposition2}

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bogus@bogus.com (Ekinneh Agbaw-Ebai) Editorial Wed, 11 Sep 2019 16:47:36 +0000
*A DIALOGUE AIMED TO SATISFY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND NOT TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF CAMEROONIANS* http://cameroon-concord.com/a-dialogue-aimed-to-satisfy-the-international-community-and-not-to-solve-the-problems-of-cameroonians http://cameroon-concord.com/a-dialogue-aimed-to-satisfy-the-international-community-and-not-to-solve-the-problems-of-cameroonians *A DIALOGUE AIMED TO SATISFY THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND NOT TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF CAMEROONIANS*

A speech, meant to be historic, just simply demonstrated that Paul Biya is very consistent with himself. He gave the impression that only the citizens, especially the Anglophones, who are angry about their situations are those who are out of their minds because there was no marginalization in the first place.{loadposition myposition}

He clearly refused to humble himself to acknowledge that there are the bad policies of his government that have brought us to this point. The failure to admit that his government has not been able to live up to the expectations of the population was so conspicuous and was still persisted unsuccessful policies of regionalism and decentralization. According to Paul Biya, the state is doing its best and only people with bad intentions want to sabotage the efforts of the government, but because of his generosity, it is important to dialogue. However, it is impossible to solve a problem, if you don't first admit that there is one. Today, Cameroon is facing a plethora problems in almost all aspects (security, political, socio-economical, judicial, etc), yet Paul Biya still thinks that the performance of the government has been good and they are just the secessionists complaining, which is completely wrong.

From every indication, the dialogue he has called for will probably look like the tripartite conference of the 1990s that was a complete sham. I only hope he proves me wrong. It also reveals that the only reason for his speech was to respond to the pressure of the international community’s call for dialogue. Unfortunately, the situation is different from that of the 90s because there is an ongoing war in one part of the country with people carrying arms, making the dialogue to be more complicated.

As it is the case with many conflicts, it is always said that beginning a war is easy but ending a war is one of the most complicated things in conflict resolution. For violence to effectively end, the warring parties involved must be at the heart of negotiations to lay down their arms. Unfortunately, most often these people, especially the rebellious side, benefit a lot from the violence making it difficult for them to come on the table for dialogue. Therefore, any way out of this conflict must involve all the stakeholders of this conflict, whether direct and indirect.

In this regard, for this to happen, some trust-building must take place for both sides to call for a ceasefire and dialogue without fear. This trust-building can only be done through concrete actions from the government so that people with grievances may freely express themselves without any fear of being arrested. Therefore, the fact that peaceful protests are not encouraged and are still brutally quelled by the security forces including the impartiality of justice system, which still tries civilians at the military courts, and the failure of Paul Biya to address these issues, makes it difficult for trust-building to take place.

It is important to emphasize here that if the problems of civil liberties, the non-release of political prisoners, and the bias of the judicial systems are not addressed, it will be extremely difficult for the dialogue that has been called by the president to bear any fruit. The situation may instead worsen as we have witnessed the past 3 years.

Considering the various crises the country is facing today, can one confidently say that Paul Biya really intents to listen to Cameroonians and effectively respond to the needs of the people? Or is this another ploy from him to please the international community in order to relieve himself from external pressure, something he has not been used to during his 37 years in power? What about the internal pressure? When will Cameroonians finally realised that this conflict is dragging on a d their country is sinking down the drain because they have no government of the people, by the people, and the people and that is it time to take things in their own hands? Whenever the case, only actions will speak louder than words.

*Wanah Immanuel Bumakor*
Spokesman of the ACT movement
Specialist in Peace Studies and Conflict Management

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bogus@bogus.com (Wanah Immanuel Bumakor) Editorial Wed, 11 Sep 2019 14:48:04 +0000
Cameroon: The Economic Dimension of the Anglophone Crisis http://cameroon-concord.com/cameroon-the-economic-dimension-of-the-anglophone-crisis http://cameroon-concord.com/cameroon-the-economic-dimension-of-the-anglophone-crisis Cameroon: The Economic Dimension of the Anglophone Crisis

From 1972-2018, Cameroon has earned $618 billion from Ambazonia crude oil sales with nothing to show for it. And Biya is killing our people because he wants to continue this theft at all cost. Would Abraham Johnson Batey Batey and sundry ranting SW provincialists and self-elected managers of the SW estate blame the graffi man for these unsettling statistics?
In the early 1990s, during an interview with state-owned CRTV, Jean Assoumou, then General Manager of the National Hydrocarbons Corporation aka SNH said the money from the sale of Cameroon’s crude oil was so complicated that only he and President Biya can understand it. He refused to disclose how many barrels of oil per day Cameroon produced as well as how much oil revenue Cameroon was earning. That was then; now thanks to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), Cameroonians now know that from 1972-2018, Cameroon has earned a jaw-dropping $618 billion from crude oil sales. And this oil has come from Ndian Division in the Southwest region of Ambazonia.  {loadposition myposition}


Just think about this for a moment -$618 billion extracted from Ndian, yet the Division looks like an abandoned refugee camp- no roads, no hospitals, no gas station; in effect, nothing to show for all that money that Francophone-led governments from Ahidjo to Biya have expropriated and squandered in hotel bills abroad while the people of Ndian are wallowing in poverty and misery. This is why Francophones want us to continue “living together” for them to abuse the instruments of state power to continue pillaging and plundering Anglophone resources. This is the main reason for Biya's genocidal war against Anglophones. But you cannot fool all the people all the time…Wunna dross di show…

Summary and Breakdown of crude oil production from 1972-2018.

1. Years of Production:1972-1980 (8 years)
1.2. Average Annual Production per day=58,000 barrels
1.3. Average Annual Price in USD: $59/bbl
1.4.Amount of Crude Oil Produced: 58,000 bbl X 365 days X 8 years =162,400.000 barrels in 8 years
1.5. Amount from Crude Oil Sales =162,400,000 barrels X $59/bbl= $9.581,600,000 (Nine billion, five hundred and eighty one million, six hundred thousand dollars.)

2.Years of Production:1981-1990 (10 years)
2.1. Total Production for 10 years: 5,595,450,000 barrels
2.3. Average Price in USD = $147.5/bbl
2.4.Amount from Sales of Crude = 5,595,450,000 barrels X $147.5/bbl=$825.328,875,000.(Eight Hundred and twenty five billion, Three Hundred and Twenty Eight Million, Eight Hundred and Seventy five thousand dollars)

3. Years of Production:1991-2000 (10 years)
3.1. Total Production for 10 years = 4,292,400, 000 barrels
3.2. Average Price in USD: $117.7/bbl
3.4.Amount from Sales of Crude Oil =4,292,400, 000 barrels X $$117.7/bbl=$505,215,480,000 (Five Hundred and Five Billion, Two Hundred and Fifteen Million, Four Hundred and Eighty Thousand Dollars).

4.Years of Production: 2001-2010 (10 years)
4.1. Total Production= 2,755,750.000 barrels
4.2. Average Price in USD = $75.4/bbl
4.3.Amount from Sales of Crude Oil = 2,755,750,000 barrels X $75.4/bbl=$20,778,355.000 (Twenty Billion, Seven Hundred and Seventy Eight Million, There Hundred and Fifty Five thousand dollars)

5. Years of Production: 2011-2018 (8 years)
5.1.Total Production=2,186,350,000 barrels
5.2. Average Price in USD=$71.8/bbl
5.3.Amount from Sales of Crude Oil =2,186,350,000 barrels X $71.8/bbl=$15,697,993.000(Fifteen Billion, Six Hundred and Ninety Seven Million, Nine Hundred and Ninety Three Thousand dollars).

Source: US Energy Information Administration (EIA)

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bogus@bogus.com (Concord Newsdesk) Editorial Thu, 29 Aug 2019 08:03:17 +0000
FCFA 250 billion Fine & Matters Arising http://cameroon-concord.com/fcfa-250-billion-fine-matters-arising http://cameroon-concord.com/fcfa-250-billion-fine-matters-arising FCFA 250 billion Fine & Matters Arising

The pig-headed life sentences of Ambazonia leaders is an act of judicial imbecility by a Kangaroo court that reinforces Cameroon's battered international image as a country with highly dysfunctional institutions where bizarre things happen. In its pleadings, the gov't sought the death penalty and never prayed for any specific or general monetary relief for damages, yet the court awarded FCFA 250 billion.{loadposition myposition}

Maybe the military tribunal is different, but the last time I checked, it is settled law that a court cannot adjudicate and grant reliefs when none were ever asserted, claim or prayed for by the plaintiff. The verdict is therefore null and void. Having used force and war to no avail to break the Ambazonia resolve, this act of judicial terrorism was a shameful and pathetic self-inflicted ignominy that betrays a lamentable disdain for the rule of law and will not stand legal scrutiny in any civilized society.{loadposition myposition2}

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bogus@bogus.com (Ekinneh Agbaw-Ebai) Editorial Mon, 26 Aug 2019 11:07:50 +0000
People Power in Algeria & Sudan – Lessons for Cameroonians http://cameroon-concord.com/people-power-in-algeria-sudan-lessons-for-cameroonians http://cameroon-concord.com/people-power-in-algeria-sudan-lessons-for-cameroonians People Power in Algeria & Sudan – Lessons for Cameroonians

The downfall of Sudan’s military leader, Omar al-Bashir follows the same trajectory with that of Algeria’s 82-year-old Abdelaziz Bouteflika who was forced to resign, following mass protests against his regime. It was a popular and principled uprising, which shook the Algerian and Sudanese political establishment to their foundations. The denouement also sent a strong message to other African despots who promote the ignominious narrative that government should be at the whims and caprices of selfish and deluded individuals. The era of sit-tight leadership is over. Truly, sit-tightism has lost traction because it adds no value to good governance. Africa has only a few left, tired old men with a messianic complex who believe the nation would end without them. Presidents Obiang Nguema of Equatorial Guinea (in power since 1979); Paul Barthelemy Biya’a bi Mvondo of Cameroon (since 1982), and Yoweri Museveni of Uganda (since 1986) are chronic cases of Africa’s leadership tragedy. Hopefully, these holdout dictators can hear the fire engines and begin charting ways for a smooth change of leadership.{loadposition myposition}

The initial demand of the Algerian protesters was that Bouteflika should not stand for another five-year term after a 20-year rule. His first reaction was to resist this demand. But when the pressure became overwhelming with the army high command speaking in favor of resignation due to poor health, the beleaguered president caved in to the peoples’ demand. For all intents and purposes, this was the height of peoples’ power and a quintessential demonstration of the capacity of the people to have their way in a democracy. After his resignation, the people did not stop there: they specifically called for a purge of the Augean stable by ridding the state of all vestiges of the old brigade, including all those who served with Bouteflika and entrenched corruption.

After Bouteflika, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir was ousted in a military coup and he became the second African president to fall in the wake of a tsunami of protests. Tens of thousands of Sudanese took to the streets in the center of Khartoum in jubilation, dancing and chanting anti-Bashir slogans.

Currently the wind of change is blowing in Cameroon where an 86-year-old octogenarian; in power for 37 years and counting is facing an armed insurgency in the Anglophone regions where pro-independence Ambazonia fighters have all but rendered the two Anglophone regions ungovernable. The regime seems to have run out of ideas on how to handle the crisis and its resort to a scorched-earth policy of collective punishment and genocide against innocent civilians has further alienated the local population and put the government on the defensive.

Biya thinks he is running down the clock but time is no longer on his side. The grotesque campaign of human savagery and barbarism in which soldiers burn down whole villages and kill innocent civilians like game, has reached the point of no return and the so-called national unity is now held at the barrel of the gun. It is just a matter of time for the situation to explode as the country sits on a keg of gunpowder after the regime arrested and detained Prof. Maurice Kamto, presumed winner of the last presidential election, which the Biya-controlled election machinery declared him winner.

It can only be expected that the wind of time will blow in the direction of sit-tight African leaders who should learn the hard way like Bouteflika and Bashir. Bouteflika had come to power in 1999 when the political fortunes and structures of the country were unstable. He quickly stabilized the situation and embarked on projects, which gave the country the platform for growth and development. But he got bitten by the African disease of self-perpetuation in office. In 2013 he suffered a massive stroke and virtually disappeared from public view because he was wheelchair-bound. In spite of his poor health, he wanted to contest a record fifth term in office and the people said enough is enough!

Bashir, a former paratrooper who seized power in a bloodless coup in 1989, has been a divisive figure, who has managed his way through several internal crises while withstanding attempts by the West to weaken him. Sudan has suffered prolonged periods of isolation since 1993, when the US added Bashir’s government to its list of terrorism sponsors for harboring Islamist militants. Washington followed up with sanctions four years later. Bashir has also been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague over genocide in Sudan’s Darfur region during an insurgency that began in 2003.

It is instructive that neither the Algerian nor Sudanese people waited for the ballot box to rid their countries of deluded and self-perpetuating leaders. They knew Bouteflika and Bashir have the power and machinery to manipulate the system by rigging election results. They then decided to prevent that familiar scenario recurring. Thousands of persons from different backgrounds and professions came together in one spirit to put an end to official impunity and corruption by taking to the streets. The spirit of revolution, as demonstrated in Algeria and Sudan, subsumed ethnic or religious differences. The unifying factor, a common denominator in the struggle was resistance to oppression and impunity.

The drama is still unfolding in Cameroon after 37 years of Biya; euphemistically referred to as the “Sphinx.” The ailing octogenarian is frail, weak and tottering on the borders of senile decay, but insists on leading Cameroon to his grave. At this juncture, it is therefore relevant to ask: Where has courage, conscience and character gone? Why have long-suffering Cameroonians, especially Francophones not shown sufficient anger to rise up in protest and topple the vampire regime?

Doubtless, the Algerian model has shown that when governance fails, the people react. Some dictators often react to protests with violent clampdown, arresting leaders and killing citizens. One of the legacies of Bouteflika is that he never ordered his security forces to mow down innocent protesters though some were injured and a few killed. Behold, the people are crucial and central in any democracy. Elected leaders in Cameroon invariably treat the people with great contempt. They seem to think the citizens are mere tools to be discarded after rigging and winning elections.

The truth is that democratic ideals are not alien to the people of Cameroon, nay Africa. Cameroonians must understand that docility is antithetical to the tenets and development of democracy. Apathy is worse. It allows mediocrity to thrive. If Cameroonians decide to remain aloof and believe that the fortunes of the country will change, then they are not ready for change. Finally, Bouteflika and Bashir are at long last, out of power. Like Biya, both men started well and indeed meant well for their people. But like Biya, they became victims of self-perpetuation. If they had taken a bow and quit the stage when the ovation was loudest, they would not have become victims of the anger and power of the people. This is the object lesson for all leaders, elected and appointed.

At 86, it leaves much to the imagination, what Biya still desires, by his tenacious hold on power. Biya belongs in the class of self-serving leaders who changed their countries’ constitution to remove term limits mostly against the will of helpless citizens. By their action or inaction, leaders like Biya are under-developing Africa and their countries in particular. It is an ugly trend, and the African Union has a duty to arrest the rape on democracy in member states in order to lift the continent’s image.

Biya should walk the path of honor and make way for a younger generation to take on the reins of power. He should think Cameroon; not himself. The country will outlive him. He should not sow seeds that will create permanent instability as the experience in Zaire has shown. Biya must reassess his obsession with power and stop the mockery of democracy and embarrassment to the country. His advanced age and sit-tight disposition is a constraint for fresh impetus for Cameroon’s progress.

Personalizing government has been detrimental to the growth of Africa. We should build institutions that can survive the test of time and stimulate economic prosperity. Even in the advanced nations that have stable institutions there are presidential term limits. This is basic common sense. Institutional governance should not be centered on one person: It should center on the rule of law and respect for the constitution. So, Cameroonians should wake up, freeze their complacency and take back their country from the rubble of the years of locusts that Biya has nurtured. At 86 years, Biya is officially sub-Saharan Africa’s oldest leader and has joined the league of sit-tight leaders who in spite of age and infirmity continues to cling to power. This indeed, is a scandalous development that diminishes Cameroon’s prestige in the comity of nations.

In perspective, Biya is an anachronism, an ugly image from the ugly past of Africa that people would rather forget. History, it has been said, first comes as a teacher; when it comes again it is in form of a rebuke. No dictator who saw himself as indispensable has lived to tell a good story. Biya is therefore advised to take urgent steps to avert the ignominy which befell characters like the Mobutus, the Mugabes, and the Bouteflikas and Bashirs in recent African history.       

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bogus@bogus.com (Ekinneh Agbaw-Ebai) Editorial Mon, 26 Aug 2019 11:03:41 +0000
Cameroon: Online teaching Methodology to commence in secondary Schools. http://cameroon-concord.com/online-teaching-methodology-to-commence-in-cameroon-s-secondary-schools http://cameroon-concord.com/online-teaching-methodology-to-commence-in-cameroon-s-secondary-schools Cameroon: Online teaching Methodology to commence in secondary Schools.

The Minister of Secondary Education,  Nalova Lyonga on Wednesday said Cameroon will begin online studies as a teaching method in secondary school to “facilitate learning process.”{loadposition myposition}

 

She went further and said,“We have a lot of schools that are not built with the right material and methodology. We are looking into the teaching methodology. We want to go digital,” Lyonga said during mid-term evaluation meeting of the 2018-2019 school year held in the capital, Yaounde.

“The more subjects we have online the better, and this is a methodology that shows us how we can actually transform a 45 minutes lesson into 10 minutes by highlighting those very important elements of the lesson,” She added. Cameroon already has a sample of the online teaching platform and teachers are being trained on its usage, she said, adding that the programme will cover about 2,000 secondary schools in the country.

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Soürce:cameroononline.org

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bogus@bogus.com (cameroononline.org) Editorial Thu, 21 Feb 2019 11:56:30 +0000
Francaphone Professor-Uniyao: I prefer to identify with the Fang-speaking people of Gabon than with LES BIAFRAIS(Anglophones). http://cameroon-concord.com/francaphone-professor-uniyao-i-prefer-to-identify-with-the-fang-speaking-people-of-gabon-than-with-les-biafrais-anglophones http://cameroon-concord.com/francaphone-professor-uniyao-i-prefer-to-identify-with-the-fang-speaking-people-of-gabon-than-with-les-biafrais-anglophones Francaphone Professor-Uniyao:  I prefer to identify with the Fang-speaking people of Gabon than with LES BIAFRAIS(Anglophones).

OFFICIAL CONNIVANCE

While at the University of Cameroun, Yaounde, in the early seventies, some of our BETI teachers missed no occasion to call us (Anglophones) LES BIAFRAIS. Even at that level of scholarship! A particular teacher never minced words in asserting that he would naturally prefer to identify with the Fang-speaking people of Gabon and Equatorial Guinea than with LES BIAFRAIS. Probably because there was little social media then to publish such hate rhetoric, such and similar utterances went on unchecked, and grew luxuriantly…{loadposition myposition}

 

The clan in question became bolder on the advent of the Second Republic in the early eighties. Anglophones were directly and publicly told they didn’t belong here, and that they should go back to their country. As the social media was still not so widespread, the connivance of the government was excusable even if the government only feigned ignorance. The result, though, was that HATE RHETORIC began to grow perpendicularly, with fruitful ramifications.

In the past few years, HATE RHETORIC by the Betis on television and in the social media has become routine and arrogantly open. One is, at times, tempted to wonder aloud if it is all done as a government policy or in the throes of culpable negligence. It is unbelievable that a media approved by the government would call on the army to kill all Anglophones down to the six-month-old, and a responsible government gives it tacit approval just as the notorious communication council under Mr. Peter Esoka looks the other way in impotence!

They have now turned against the Bamilekes, blatantly and outrageously calling for ethnic cleansing against the tribe!!! And again, the government is consistent in its apparent veiled encouragement!!! It can only be so viewed because an Anglophone who CALLS FOR A FEDERATION is abducted and tortured to the pleasure of the HIERARCHIE, or evens additionally, charged to court with terrorism, sedition and the litany of genocidal nebulous ‘offences’. What immunity do the Betis have???

These dubious double standards of the government are inimical to the hoax DRESSED UP in the slogan of national unity and/or national integration. The fear is that it is gradually building up to untenable sectarian/tribal RESENTMENT that could explode into open hostilities if the situation continues to grow unchecked! And the victims are ever we the ordinary people! Hence the expression of our legitimate concern HERE!!!

AYAH EVER FOREWARNS!!!

NOT FUNNY!
AT ALL!

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bogus@bogus.com (Ayah Paul) Editorial Fri, 15 Feb 2019 11:17:35 +0000
The Divisional officer of the center Region suspends all activities of the municipal police. http://cameroon-concord.com/the-divisional-officer-of-the-center-region-suspends-all-activities-of-the-municipal-police http://cameroon-concord.com/the-divisional-officer-of-the-center-region-suspends-all-activities-of-the-municipal-police The Divisional officer of the center Region suspends all activities of the municipal police.

The senior divisional officer of Mfoundi Yaounde  Mr.Jean Claude Tsila has suspended all activities of the municipal police for a duration of 30 days. The suspension of all activities of Yaounde municipal police came after a serious confrontation between a bike rider and two municipal police officers which lead to the death of the bike rider after been rushed to the Yaounde regional Hospital.{loadposition myposition}

 

Eye witness reported that after the death of the bike rider it was noticed that some angry bike men stormed the premises of Yaounde 1 municipality and burned down a vehicle and a two wheel Cartapila that belongs to the said municipality.
It has been noticed that several complains have been filed against the municipal police by  bike riders for their numerous atrocities against their activities.
And it has also been notice that the municipal police usually asked for their driving license and equally with their national identification card.The numerous atrocities of the municipal police be3n registered against the bike riders have exploded and leading to the suspension of their activities till further notice.{loadposition myposition2}

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bogus@bogus.com (Fanwi) Editorial Thu, 14 Feb 2019 19:20:06 +0000
Cameroon: What every Anglophone should know about Feb. 11. http://cameroon-concord.com/cameroon-what-every-anglophone-should-know-about-feb-11 http://cameroon-concord.com/cameroon-what-every-anglophone-should-know-about-feb-11 Cameroon: What every Anglophone should know about Feb. 11.

The Feb 11, 1961 Plebiscite was neither a life nor death sentence, so it can be reversed. Just know how your parents voted, before blaming others.
On this day, 58 years ago on Feb. 11, 1961, Southern Cameroons voted for independence in a UN plebiscite and joined French Cameroun; a different country which gained independence from France on January 1, 1960 (as Republic of Cameroun) with international borders that did not include Southern Cameroons.{loadposition myposition}

 

The plebiscite vote never made Cameroon one, united and indivisible; nor was it intended to. To begin with, the obligation imposed by the UN that Southern Cameroons should obtain “independence by joining” either Nigeria or Cameroon violated Article 76(b) of the UN Charter, and UNGA Res. 1541; which both reaffirm independence as the inherent and inalienable right of all colonies and Trust Territories. Even after the independent Southern Cameroons state joined French Cameroun in a two-state federation to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon on October 1, 1961, no Union Treaty was registered with the UN General Assembly secretariat as mandated by Articles 102 and 103 of the UN Charter. The right to separate from French Cameroun is also laid out under Principles VII and VIII of UN General Assembly Resolution 1541 of December 15, 1960. Over the past 58 years, the world has looked the other way while Southern Cameroonians have been denied their independence. The ongoing struggle to restore Southern Cameroons independence is therefore consistent with International Law, including the right to self-determination.

Besides, the occupation, annexation and recolonization of Southern Cameroons by French Cameroun also violate Article 4(b) of the African Union Constitutive act. It also violates UN resolutions against colonialism and external domination of other people; and it contravenes Articles 19-24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Right; and other principles of International Law. The unilateral abrogation of the two-state Federation by French Cameroun under the subterfuge of the May 20, 1972 referendum was a constitutional coup d’état, which violated Art 47 of the Federal Constitution. Even were Southern Cameroons to be an integral part of French Cameroun, any such referendum on abolishing the federation ought to have been an issue solely for the people of Southern Cameroons to decide, since they were the ones who voted to join French Cameroun, in the first instance.

A review of UN General Assembly resolutions and other international legal principles regarding the right to self-determination shows incontrovertibly that Southern Cameroons became independent in 1961, but has since been recolonized and occupied by French Cameroun. This anomaly makes independence worse than colonization, and it is an illegality that is being challenged by Ambazonia restoration forces in the ongoing civil war. French Cameroun has no legal basis for its occupation and recolonization of Southern Cameroons and have been frantically pushing the theory of a one united and indivisible Cameroon based on the fact that the two countries were formerly part of German Kamerun.

The truth is that Southern Cameroons was first British and was only ceded to Germany after the Berlin Conference of 1884. Therefore, the ridiculous assertion that Southern Cameroons and French Cameroun were part of German Kamerun; hence must remain “one, united and indivisible” is laughable because German Kamerun as a political entity was a mere geographical contraption and there is no basis for its reconstitution, either in history or international law, as it included several other territories which are now independent nations. French Cameroun can only claim Southern Cameroons as part of its territory from the former German Kamerun if it can also claim other territories of that German Kamerun (Chad, Central African Republic, Gabon, and former British Northern Cameroon in present day Nigeria) as part of French Cameroun.

French Cameroun cannot ignore historical facts that the territory geographically delimitated as German Kamerun existed merely for 32 years (1884-1916), and the entity itself was held to obedience by German military conquests and treaties of friendship with different tribes, independent of each other. From 1884-1916, the Germans signed 95 treaties with various ethnic groups wherein Kings and Chiefs on both sides of the Mungo River, surrendered sovereignty and administration to the Germans, who established their capitals in Buea and Yaoundé. After defeat in WWI, the pernicious enterprise of German Kamerun ended.

When French Cameroun argues that Southern Cameroons is an integral part of its territory because they have been administered jointly as the NW and SW regions for 58 years, remind them that Ukraine and Russia parted ways despite sharing over 1,000 years of common history. And Southern Cameroons broke away from Nigeria in 1953 despite sharing 34 years of common history as well. Even if French Cameroun claims Southern Cameroons is two of its ten regions, it cannot forget that Eritrea used to be the only former Red Sea Province of Ethiopia, but that did not stop Eritrea from gaining independence.

It is a matter for regret, indeed shame that some Anglophone sycophants and Biya regime apologists continue to hee-haw the one, united and indivisible Cameroon fallacy, even as the bonds that bind the two Cameroons have fallen apart. The decentralization offer for regional autonomy sold by the Biya regime as tangible reform under the 1996 Constitution is unacceptable, notably because it makes the misleading assumption that Southern Cameroons is part of French Cameroun, and not an illegally occupied and recolonized territory. Southern Cameroons and French Cameroun were never one people; let alone united and indivisible. Let no one tell you otherwise!

Therefore, arise oh Ambazonians, for as Thomas Paine said, these are the times that try men’s souls. The struggle to restore our independence is our struggle; no less than it is that of the Anglophone leadership or the Anglophone Diaspora. We must have faith and not be distracted by detractors and naysayers. Let us unite in banishing fear. Together we cannot fail. And if we must die as Claude McKay told Black Americans during their fight for freedom and equality; “let us nobly die, so that our precious blood may not be shed in vain; then even the murderous Biya monsters and genocidal soldiers we defy shall be constrained to honor us though dead! If we must die, let us face our murderous cowards like men with their backs against the wall; dying, but fighting back.” Let the conscience of every Anglophone hold a conversation with his/her soul; then take this solemn vow: I am fighting for my freedom; I know not what course others may take; but as for me, the choice is simple - give me freedom or give me death!

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bogus@bogus.com (Ekinneh Agbaw-Ebai) Editorial Tue, 12 Feb 2019 13:17:35 +0000
Open Letter to Paul Biya, President of the Republic of Cameroon http://cameroon-concord.com/open-letter-to-paul-biya-president-of-the-republic-of-cameroon http://cameroon-concord.com/open-letter-to-paul-biya-president-of-the-republic-of-cameroon Open Letter to Paul Biya, President of the Republic of Cameroon
Dear President Biya:
 
Since the writing of my first open letter to you on social concerns about the Anglophone crisis in Cameroon, it appears to me that things have changed drastically for the worse, and many voices have been silenced by death. That the iron fist of a regime of bloodshed, sham politics and elections have been the norm rather than the exception! It is even alleged that soldiers under your clock have taken matters into their own hands and have been steadily and shamelessly committing extrajudicial acts in the face of recording cameras and photographers.
Mr. President what are the guiding principle of truth and peace for Cameroon?
Mr. President my hands are heavy to put words in sentences to describe what victims and innocent eyes have seen in one year in Cameroon.
From a historical perspective, it took the United States a bloody civil war to end a very serious social wrong in 1864: Legalized slavery. Today, we are witnessing in Cameroon what other nations have seen, including Germany, Rwanda, Cambodia, Congo, and in other parts of the world.{loadposition myposition}
 
What shall it take to end the onslaught of human life in Cameroon?
Mr. President many false prophets will come, and they may go their own way. But remember God will judge your nation because you have failed to keep the peace and harmony. You have turned a blind eye concerning the death and displacement of many locals in your nation, including those who are Clergy, and have withstood the temptation to support your regime.
Iron sharpens iron, Paul Biya, and, as a concerned US Citizen, I find it appalling that certain men in uniform from Northern Cameroon have been linked to killings, debilitation, and the perversion of the people of your land. The evidence of extrajudicial acts against humanity is mounting and in many cases, overwhelming, and yes, the cries of victims have reached beyond your borders.
Mr. President many west African nations are facing similar problems as those in Cameroon. Nigeria is an leading example. The Anglophone nation has been battling against religious extremists more recently, for a long time. Mr. President innocent civilians as young as 12 years old are being abducted to be made an example of by brutish forces, who use militant antics inconsistent with true religious values and beliefs . What advice can you give the leaders of Nigeria, or Ghana or Gambia on this matter?
Just think of families, friends and loyal constituents succumbing to an incurable illness or being in the same situation as those who were harmed. I wish neither evil, nor harm upon Cameroonians who hold the arm of political and military strength and influence, but, there is a word of wisdom I want you and your people to know President Biya: It is written in the Canonized scriptures for all the nations read, hear, and understand: ‘Woe unto those who call evil, good, and good evil.’ Isaiah 5:20.
I certainly hope that you take this letter to heart, Mr. President because my heart, mind, hands and feet have become even heavier as time draws closer to the end for many, many more innocent and broken lives.
 
Respectfully,
 
Concerned US Citizen.
 
Thank you,
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bogus@bogus.com (Solomon G. Thomas) Editorial Mon, 11 Feb 2019 10:23:08 +0000