Cameroon's prestigious National School of Magistracy ENAM has announced the hiring of professors to teach specialized courses for exclusively anglophone students.
In view of the impending launching of the Common Law division in the country's magistracy, lecturers recruited will be expected to teach Civil Court Practice, Law of Evidence, Probate Proceedings and professional ethics.
Applications must reach ENAM latest November 10 2017.
The Minister of Higher Education points out in a press release that President Biya has also ordered the creation of the dept of juridical and political science in the University of Buea.
According to the cabinet member, the head of head had also instructed him to prepare texts for the creation of departments of English Law in various universities around the country.
The governement communique stresses that the measures taken are in response to demands of anglophone lawyers and a strategy to boost the volume of anglophones in the nation's magistracy
Divine Nchamukong/ Camerooninfo.net
The Mayor of Buea, Patrick Ekema Esunge, has chastised Cameroonians in the Diaspora while calling Cameroon Anglophones terrorists. In his welcome address during the Regional seminar to drill mayors in the Northwest and Southwest Regions on the recovery of local Council and State budgets, the Mayor of Buea, chastised all people involved in the ongoing Anglophone Crises. Welcoming the Minister Delegate in charge of Decentralisation at the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralisation, Jules Doret Ndongo, Mayor Ekema expressed joy for the fact that, despite attempts by some Cameroonian to disturb the peace and unity in the two Anglophone Regions, the Minister was able to make it to Buea. "One will imagine how you would have
been wondering and pondering of what awaits you in the city of Buea, but your massive presence here is eloquent testimony of proof that you have not been brainwashed by sycophants, terrorists, adventurers and a bunch of scammers through the social media who have no future and lavish in asylum camps beyond international borders." He assured the Minister of a peaceful stay in the city of Buea as he chairs the seminar.
I assure you of the peaceful climate prevailing in our municipality and we assure you of your safety which has been guaranteed by the meticulous Governor Okalia Bilai and his command staff," Mayor Ekema averred.
This is not the first time that Anglophones have been called negative names in recent times. Last time, it was the Minister of Communication, 'Issa Tchiroma who labeled Anglophones as terrorists. Also, the Governor of the Southwest Region, Okalia Bilai, referred to the Anglophones as 'Dogs'.
Despite the Mayor's assurance to Minister that Buea is peaceful, this is not the situation on the ground as the population has been living in fear lately. There have been continuous arrests in the municipality, youths arrested in their homes early in the morning in the neighbourhoods of Muea, Mile 16 and other vicinities. There is still constant fear also as activities in the municipality are yet to return to normal due to the high level of militarisation.
Considering the constitution of the republic of Cameroon in particular it's section 1(3) and 68;
Considering Law No 2006/015 of 29/12/2006 as amended and supplemented by law No 2011/027 of 14/12/2011 organizing the judiciary in particular its section 32; Considering Law No 90/059 of 19/12/1990 organising practice at the Cameroon Bar Association; Considering the declaration taken at Bamenda, North-west Region on the 9th of May 2015 in which advocates practicing law in the Northwest and the Southwest Regions of the country drew the attention of the nation and its leadership only to the pseudo attempts to erode the common law and procedures which have been in force in these two regions for over half a century, but to other ills plaguing our judicial system and called for necessary re-forms;
Whereas the advocates practicing in he Northwest and Southwest Regions of Cameroon after expecting the Government to react to their declaration of 15 May ,2015 positively to no avail decided to hang their robs and to boycott court audiences on October 11, 2016 to hopefully drive home better grievances as important actors in the justice delivery machinery. Whereas today Wednesday, October 11, 2017 marks one full year since advocates embarked on their action; In view of what Government has done so far to address some of the ills in our judiciary system decried by the advocates; In view of the hardship, suffering and hopelessness of many litigants and other users of the services of the advo-cates these past twelve months as the courts of the North-west and Southwest Regions have practically grounded; AND having regard to the deliberations of the advocates practicing in Meme Division in their Meeting last
25th September, 2017 It Is Agreed As Follows: 1) To suspend their decision of 11/10/2016 to down their robes and resume court appearances for a period of six months to allow government sufficient time to completely address the grievances expounded in the declaration of 9th May, 2015 at Bamenda. 2) Call on government to within this period convene a forum for an inclusive dialogue to which stakeholders no matter their shades of opinion would be invited to chart a new path for this country, a dialogue in which we are pre-pared to contribute our ideas and expertise.
DONE AT KUMBA this 11th day of October 2017
MPAKO JACOB NJUME
BARRISTER -AT-LAW (AD VOCAT)
Multiple calls for effective school resumption overshadowed this years Teachers Day celebration in Meme Division.
Speaking at the end of festivities at the Kumba City Council Grandstand, Secondary Education Delegate, Aghim Abunaw Obase, said there can be nothing more important than getting all students back to the classroom.
According to him, teachers are ready to go the extra Mile for children to return to school. Abunaw opined that they are appealing on bended knees for parents and guardians to send children to school. "Our appeal is that parents should see with our eyes the need to send children to school.
We think that every other thing may be wrong but we should not do the last by killing the same children we think we are fighting for. We have taken advantage of the International Teachers Day to appeal to parents on bended knees to send their kids back to school," Abunaw stated.
The Delegate disclosed that pressure and threats on teachers and school administrators has diminished. The result he explained, is the increasing numBer of children that have returned to school in the last four weeks. To the Delegate, the momentum must be sustained such that cases of no school activities in the rural areas can be reversed.
The engineer cum Delegate denied reports that teachers marched to justify their salaries, considering the social tension in Anglophone Cameroon.
Barrister Akere Muna, who is also the Chairperson of Eminent Persons Panel of the African Peer Review Mechanism, has declared his candidacy for the 2018 Presidential Election.
The erstwhile Chairman of Transparency International, TI, former Cameroon Bar Association and an international human rights lawyer, made the declaration on Sunday, October 8, and presented a manifesto for his yet to be announced party.
In his declaration speech, Akere Muna centres on creating a non-partisan platform to catalyse the transformation of his Cameroon which he describes as “The New Republic.”
Hear him: “My fellow Cameroonians, our country is now at the crossroads of its history. We must now move towards a New Republic. A New Republic that finds strength in diversity, A New Republic founded on good governance, A New Republic built on the rule of law, A New Republic inspired by the will of the people, A New Republic that is a union we must define, A New Republic that must cultivate zero-tolerance for corruption, tribalism, nepotism and favouritism, A New Republic that reaffirms justice for all, healthcare for all and education for all,” Akere asserts. He went further to pledge his firm commitment to Cameroon as a nation.
“I have, therefore, taken the decision to be part of the solution that our country is crying out for: the creation of this New Republic. It is with a great sense of responsibility and humility that I have decided to inform you of my intention to run for the office of the President in the Republic of Cameroon in the elections constitutionally scheduled for 2018. Our Union faces serious challenges. Lives have been lost and many of our fellow citizens have been injured,” Akere stated.
The legal luminary also used the occasion to commiserate with families of the October 1 massacre. Hear him: “Today, our hearts and prayers go out to all those who lost their dear ones. To the injured, we wish you all a swift recovery. Public and private property has been destroyed.
The stability of the Nation is in peril. Our institutions and systems of governance must be relevant to the hopes and aspirations of the people. The bond between citizens and their Government must never break down.
I have been blessed with a national and international career in Civil Society and International institutions.”
Barrister Akere Muna pledges to continue reaching out to youths, Civil Society Organisations, Political Parties, and to Traditional Rulers, adding that women and the youth will constitute the cornerstone of his programme.
“The women and youth offer so much in our society but they get very little in return. In spite of this injustice, their energy is unrelenting. I ask all the Youths and women of Cameroon to accompany me in this journey.
“I urge you to join the NOW! Movement and to participate actively in the creation of a New Republic,” he said.
Akere holds that Cameroonians have lived in a country without a clear future; where the people have no voice; where the women have no choice; where the poor and under-privileged have no chance and citizens have been transformed by material needs and blinded by greed for too long.
He is, however, upbeat that, together, Cameroonians have the power to change things for the better, as he says: “Together we can direct that power to succeed, Together we can change our ways, Together we can change our society, Together we can change our country, and Together we can choose our leaders.” The new 2018 candidate wraps up his declaration by calling on Cameroonians to remain united in diversity and not divided by it.
“The days of waiting are over. We must begin here, now and today. Those who thought that they can put us to sleep have now realised that we are still awake. Those who thought we should live in fear have now realised that we stand up for ourselves and for our country. I urge Cameroonians to join me in the march towards this New Republic,” Barrister Akere appeals.
The halting grammar and rambling syntax suggests it was the by-product of a Google translation, but here is the point. In the beginning there was Charles Ndongo and George Ewane who man the special CRTV unit covering the presidency. Ndongo was head of the unit though George Ewane, better educated by every standard of measurement, was his assistant. After Ndongo was replaced by Joseph Le, it was just logical that Ewane should have been the new boss. But Le was made the boss. Le was appointed Minister, Assistant Director of the Civil Cabinet and replaced by Michel Njock Abanda who too had Ewane as his assistant; at the same time that Charles Ndongo was appointed GM of CRTV. George Ewane is better educated and more qualified than all the three Francophones who have been his boss. But all this has not stopped Ewane from singing the praises of the Biya regime, ostensibly because a house slave thinks he is above the farm slave. It is also instructive that Le is Board chairman of SOPECAM where Dr. Shey Peter Mabu is being bossed by someone fit to be his student. These are the causes of the Anglophone crisis and this is what Anglophones have been dealing with for the past 56 years and are now saying enough is enough. This is the history Anglophones remember; not the sycophantic and self-serving rant of Joseph Le and other Beti tribal jingoists.
The Anglophone Crisis: What History Remembers
By Joseph LE
Board Chairman of SOPECAM
One year already since the start of what is commonly called; «the anglophone crisis». It began on 10 October 2016 with claims from trade unionists, but it quickly transposed into the political arena. This was supported by the fact that some fellow compatriots whose confessed purpose was none other than the partition of Cameroon for the most extremists, or the revision of the present form of the State, saw it as a kind of panacea to the issues raised.
In a context where the crisis seems to be sinking and where voices rise here and there, evoking henceforth and at any rate dialogue as a therapeutic shock to curb a symptomatically cancerous evil, one is tempted to rewind the hands of time for historical purposes, to the course of these last months whose milestones are more than indicative of what until then, the State through the President of the Republic, His Excellency Paul BIYA, has done on this matter.
Let us review the history and the agenda of the last twelve months.
The first pages of the month of September 2016, are well inscribed with trade unionists claims expressed by English-speaking lawyers, and almost simultaneously by English-speaking teachers. On 10 October 2016, the former launched a strike action. The story reveals (perhaps coincidentally?) that the strike of the latter becomes effective the same day. The desires of both parties thus suffer from no ambiguity.
Indeed, by boycotting courtrooms in the two regions of the North-West and South-West, these lawyers considered that "the way in which justice is rendered in these regions is not in conformity with the Common Law (the Anglo-Saxon law). Yet, it is what they studied in school and during their training as lawyers." Four main problems are raised: the non-existence of an English version of the OHADA Uniform Acts, the main documents used in commercial proceedings before the Cameroonian courts; the use of the Francophone Civil Code in the jurisdictions of the English-speaking regions in place of the Common Law; the absence of English law in the Cameroonian judicial system (no Common Law Section in the Supreme Court to examine appeals from the Northwest and South-West jurisdictions and no English-speaking section in NSAM ); the exercise in the two English-speaking regions of magistrates who do not master the Common Law and could barely express themselves in English.
What about teachers then? History also clearly reveals that their complaints are mainly related to the payment of arrears for the 2015-2016 academic year, beyond issues related to the improvement of their working conditions. It was noticed that students joined them and demanded the payment of their excellence awards, but also the cancellation of the CFAF 10,000 penalty; for the late payment of fees as instituted by the Vice Chancellor of the University of Buea.
Four other claims were added to the above. They concerned the clarification and respect of admission procedures of students in universities of Anglo-Saxon tradition; a proper representation of Anglophones in the recruitment of teachers and support staff in Universities; a drop in the number of Francophone teachers in the Anglophone zone, and the creation of a Higher Teacher's Training College exclusively reserved for the English-speaking regions.
Historically, these are the grievances that triggered of the current crisis. This was a test on the sensitivity of the Head of State, who promptly gave firm instructions to the Government for urgent and appropriate measures.
History, again, shows in its pages that sectoral and global responses have been made. For the benefit of lawyers, we note, among the most significant answers:
1. The provision of the official English version of the OHADA Uniform Acts and the Cameroonian Penal Code;
2. The creation of an Anglophone Section at the National School of Administration and Magistracy of Cameroon (NSAM);
3. The establishment of a Common Law Bench at the Supreme Court of Cameroon, to examine specifically and methodically appeals from the Northwest and South-West jurisdictions;
4. The creation of a Faculty of Law and Political Sciences at the University of Buea;
5. The creation of the Departments of English Law in the Universities of Douala, Maroua, N'Gaoundéré and Dschang, and the Departments of Public Law in the Universities of Bamenda and Buea;
6. Recruitment and placement of appropriate judicial personnel in the North West and South West Courts of Appeal;
7. The appointment by Presidential Decree of an English-speaking Magistrate working within the framework of Common Law to the post of President of the Judicial Bench at the Supreme Court;
8. The appointment of an English-speaking Magistrate as State Prosecutor at the Bamenda Courts of First Instance and the High Court.
Regarding the demands of Anglophone teachers, the Government has equally provided appropriate responses, depending on the cases. We note for example, concerning the representation of Anglophones in the positions of teachers and support staff of State Universities, that members of the interministerial committee set up for the occasion noted unanimously that, "universities of Buea and Bamenda which fully benefit from their administrative and financial autonomy, recruit in priority teachers and support staff from the two English-speaking regions, without excluding the deserving Francophones."
Concerning the creation of a dedicated Higher Teacher's Training College, the same committee noted that there cannot be a "Higher Teacher's Training College" exclusively reserved for citizens of a single region or two regions.
In connection with the admission of students to universities of Anglo-Saxon tradition, the Inter-ministerial Committee created by the Government has chosen simplification: the only constraint for the admission of a student is to fulfill the conditions set by applicable regulations. At the same time, excellence awards were paid to students. The CFAF 10,000 penalty on the late payment of tuition fees has been abolished.
Lastly, history cannot erase the decision of the Head of State to disburse two billion CFA francs as subsidy to secular and lay private schools, as well as the authorisation for the special recruitment of 1,000 young bilingual Cameroonian teachers, graduates of higher education, especially in scientific and technical subjects. Young teachers are thus the priority in schools of regions with a significant teacher shortage in these fields.
Beyond these specific responses provided by the Government to the problems raised by Anglophone trade unionists, the pages of history here revisited reveal two other categories of responses to this crisis, the more global ones, because they affect political and institutional fields on one hand, and security on the other hand.
1. The creation, by Presidential Decree, on 23 January 2017, of the National Commission for the Promotion of Bilingualism and Multiculturalism. Materialization of one of the promises of the Head of State in his Message to the Nation on 31 December 2016. The institution thus created completes the state system aimed at making all Cameroonians bilingual men and women and inhabited by the will to live together. It reflects the political vision that makes Cameroon a united, indivisible and proud country despite its diversity;
2. The release of those arrested. The discontinuance of the case against the Bishops, Pastors of the Cameroon Baptist Convention, and some Anglophone leaders like Agbor Balla, Fontem Neba, Ayah Paul etc;
3. The integration, promotion and redeployment of magistrates throughout the national territory, taking into account their mastery of the official languages, without calling into question the irreversible option of national integration, nor the normal evolution of their careers;
4. The appointment of two Anglophones among the new Generals of the Cameroon Army. These include: Brigadier Generals Ekongwesse and Aga Robinson;
5. The continuation of dialogue at the beginning of this year, through government missions that informed the public and explained the measures taken to resolve the "Anglophone crisis". These missions were deployed in the North-West and South-West regions, to the Western Chancelleries and the Cameroonian Diaspora;
6. Various measures to restore trust and maintain dialogue were made. For example, the restoration of the Internet connection in the North-West and South-West regions; connection suspended on 17 January 2017, in order to preserve social cohesion and public order at the peak of the crisis.
On the security front, it also appears that as a guarantor of public order and security for all its citizens, the State has taken its responsibility to ensure that public order, peace and security are always maintained in both regions, and throughout the country. This is the reason why the government prohibited anglophone associations that advocated violence and division (SCNC, Consortium etc..). It also justifies the deployment of law enforcement officers.
In short, the pages of the history of the Anglophone crisis over the last twelve months are quite edifying and rich with lessons on the concrete answers given by the Head of State and the Government to the problems legitimately raised by our compatriots. And this, in a spirit of dialogue and a process of peace and justice. In full consciousness that Cameroon is the product of a double historical, cultural and linguistic heritage. It is our duty to preserve this common heritage.
Actually, the State, the guarantor of the republican order, naturally took the decision to assume, protect and defend this heritage and identity. In times of crisis, as in times of peace, the State remains attached to the virtues of a "constructive and responsible republican dialogue". So as to pass on to the younger generations, a united and prosperous country, which is peaceful, stable and proud of its destiny.
This is, in any case, is the unfailing will of President Paul BIYA for Cameroon.
Board Chairman of SOPECAM