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Jan 23, 2018

Meme SDO survives Ambazonian fighters’ attack

The SUN Newspaper, Cameroon:The Senior Divisional Officer, SDO for Meme, ...
Jan 23, 2018

Gambia arrests top Jammeh era generals

Military authorities in Gambia arrested two of ex-strongman Yahya Jammeh’s ...
Jan 23, 2018

Cameroon: Arch Biya critic, Patrice Nganang launches new novel

The imprints of the prawns. In a subtle manner,the vociferous Cameroono- ...
Jan 22, 2018

Chris Anu, the Secretary of State for Communication for Ambazonia puts Nigeria on the fray of unbearable heat

Inside Nigerian territory and holding a very charged press conference deep ...
Jan 22, 2018

Liberia's historic presidential inauguration:George Weah to be officially sworn in

Liberia is ready for kickoff, take off if you like. The West African nation ...
Jan 22, 2018

Keeping them Honest: The Roll Call of Shame in Mamfe

The launch of the Manyu Solidarity Initiative last Saturday was heavily ...
Jan 22, 2018

Biya's controversial laptops: After-sale services coming soon

Chinese technicians are expected to start offering after sale services to ...
Jan 22, 2018

Cameroon: Senate to be lodged at economic and social council premises

Cameroon's upper house of parliament is to be lodged at the premises of the ...
Jan 19, 2018

Cameroon: More statuary powers to be given to Mayors for the construction of road networks

According to the Ministry of Public Works, the elected Mayor of the localities ...
Jan 19, 2018

Anglophone Crisis: Marafa Ahmidou Yaya in a French speaking tabloid calls for a way forward

Marafa Ahmidou Yaya in a French speaking tabloid called for an alternation as ...
Jan 19, 2018

French newspaper ratings of the Presidential candidates for 2018 in Cameroon

On Friday the 19th the French newspapers or tabloids had the following ratings ...
Jan 19, 2018

Nigeria: Source at UNHCF office says abducted Ambazonian leaders are in Abuja

A very trusted source at the Office of the United Nations High Commission for ...
Jan 19, 2018

Another case of suspected homicide discovered yesterday, the 18th of January, 2018

Madam Mekam Flore, a Cameroonian of French Nationality was discovered dead ...
Jan 19, 2018

Cameroon: Two hundred Billion "guaranteed" as social security for civil servants

The state of Cameroon understands the prerequisite of a functional social ...
Jan 19, 2018

US ambassador to Cameroon urges students to participate in elections

The new American ambassador to Cameroon has begun a campaign to encourage ...

Sports / Games

January 17, 2018
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The lions have lost their first match of the African Nations Championship to Congo 0-1. {loadposition myposiition}   This means they are on
January 16, 2018
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Cameroon last hosted a tournament of this magnitude in 1972 and Ahmadou Ahidjo's Stadium in Yaoundé , the Reunification Stadium in Douala and the
January 16, 2018
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Rigobert Song and his boys begin the fight for their first ever African Nations Championship trophy on Tuesday 16 January 2018. 
January 15, 2018
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Eto Fils Samuel the greatest African Footballer is so angry and grossly disappointed by some silly commentaries made about his changing complexion.
January 13, 2018
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The long awaited CHAN2018 kicks off today 13 January 2018, after intensive preparations by countries concerned. {loadposition myposition}  
January 11, 2018
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The awaited inspection mission sent by CAF, will arrive Cameroon this Thursday 11 January 2018. {loadposition myposition}   The team is made

Cameroon Today

  • SOUTHERN CAMEROONS|FF0000
  • PAUL BIYA
  • CAMEROON THISDAY
  • TOP STORIES
January 22, 2018
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The launch of the Manyu Solidarity Initiative last Saturday was heavily boycotted by the local population that is under siege by Biya's genocidal soldiers. The event was billed as a fundraiser but
January 10, 2018
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The President spends much of his time inside his sumptuous palace in Mvomeka, in the South of LA Republique Du Cameroun. This heaven of peace is a no go area for the natives who live in the
January 14, 2018
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The music community in Cameroon is bereaved as they lose to death, one of theirs, Marie Archangelo. {loadposition myposition}     Cameroon concord learned that Marie Archangelo died on
July 14, 2017
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Governor Adolphe Lele Lafrique and Camair-Co GM Ernest Dikoum have appreciated the state of preparedness ahead of July 20, 2017 inaugural flight. From the look of things, the Bamenda airport is
One, United & Indivisible Cameroon  When Independence is worse than Colonization

No other territory in history has been so exploited and left to gnash its teeth in psychological and physical agony as Southern Cameroons following its recolonization by French Cameroun.

By Ekinneh Agbaw-Ebai*

From 1953, Southern Cameroons was, to all intents and purposes, a country of its own, with almost all the appurtenances of a nation state, including self-governance, its own police force, parliament, and a senate known as the House of Chiefs. Despite the one, united and indivisible Cameroon hoax, the fact is that French Cameroun was a different country which gained independence from France on January 1, 1960 (as Republic of Cameroun) with international borders that did not include Southern Cameroons; which gained independence after a UN referendum on February 11, 1961. Even after the independent Southern Cameroons state joined French Cameroun in a two-state federation to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon on October 1, 1961, no Union Treaty was registered with the UN General Assembly secretariat as mandated by Articles 102 and 103 of the UN Charter. Over the past 56 years, the international community has looked the other way while Southern Cameroonians have been denied their independence. Southern Cameroonians have been emasculated to concur in the despoliation of their land by their passive indifference and cold complicity in the face of reckless dissipation of their commonwealth by French Cameroun. For a people that already experienced such high level of self-government under colonial rule, this anomaly makes independence worse than colonialization.

The occupation, annexation and colonial rule of Southern Cameroons by French Cameroun violates Article 4(b) of the African Union Constitutive act. It also violates UN resolutions against colonialism and external domination of other people; and it contravenes Articles 19-24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Right; and other principles of International Law. In short, it is recolonization, pure and simple. The unilateral abrogation of the two-state Federation by French Cameroun under the subterfuge of the May 20, 1972 referendum was a constitutional coup d’état, which violated Art 47 of the Federal Constitution. The plebiscite vote never made Cameroon one, united and indivisible; nor was it intended to. Even were Southern Cameroons to be an integral part of French Cameroun, any such referendum on abolishing the federation ought to have been an issue solely for the people of Southern Cameroons to decide, since they were the ones who voted to join French Cameroun, in the first instance.

The two Cameroons were never one, because post-German Kamerun, the two territories remained fundamentally different in terms of political evolution and governance. Southern Cameroons evolved a functional parliamentary democracy, whereas French Cameroun was administered as a French overseas territory, and remained tragically stuck as a French neo-colonial outpost even after independence in 1960. From 1953-1961, Southern Cameroons was a vibrant democracy with an electoral system based on direct adult universal suffrage with single-member constituencies. Elections into the Southern Cameroons House of Assembly featured only indigenous parties like KNC, KPP, CPNC and KNDP, which had broad appeal across the six divisions of Victoria, Kumba, Mamfe, Bamenda, Wum and Nkambe.

Unlike Southern Cameroons, the democratic framework in French Cameroun was aligned to France. French men contested elections in French Cameroun and French Cameroun politicians contested elections into the French National Assembly (Assemble de l’Union Francaise (AUF), and the Conseil de la Republique, the French Senate. British parties never contested elections in Southern Cameroons. The opposite was true in French Cameroun where, French political parties like Rassemblement de Gauches, Mouvement Républicain Populaire (MRP), and Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, (SFIO) dominated electoral contests into the French Cameroun parliament – the Assemblée Representative du Cameroun (ARCAM), later transformed to Assemble Territoriale du Cameroun (ATCAM) in 1952.

Until the UPC was created, political parties in French Cameroun like Jeunesse Camerounaise Francaise (JEUCAFRA), Union des Camerounaise Francaise (UNICAFRA) and Association des Colons du Cameroun (ASOCAM) were administrative parties created to defend French interests and all espoused attachment to “Mother France.” When the UPC led by Mayi Matip was banned in 1955, the parties that contested the December 1956 elections in French Cameroun like Ahidjo’s Union Camerounaise (UC), Andre-Marie Mbida’s Partie de Democrates Camerounaise (DC) and Betote Akwa’s Action Nationale (MANC) were more or less satellite tribal groups. In Southern Cameroons, political parties were tribe neutral, but in French Cameroun, every ethnic group had a party. There was even one to defend the interests of Mollatoes; cross-breeds of Franco-Cameroun heritage led by an elected MP, Frenchman, Léon Foulétier.

In matters of electoral politics, Southern Cameroons was a showroom of political pluralism in its day. Right from the first elections to the Southern Cameroons House of Assembly (SCHA) on October 26, 1953; Simon Enow Ncha, blazed the trail to run as an independent candidate, in Mamfe Division, defeating the two main political party candidates - Martin Forju (KPP) and Chief SA Arrey (KNC). SE Ncha inspired other independent candidates like Solomon Anyeghamoti Ndefru (SAN) Angwafor, now Fon Angwafor III, who defeated DA Nangah (KNDP) and Maximus Chibikom (OK) in the 1961 elections in Upper Ngemba. Ncha also inspired Bernard Tajoh Beja (BTB) Foretia, who ran as an independent and lost the 1961 elections in Mamfe East to the formidable KNDP baron PM Kemcha, whom he eventually replaced in the 1968 Muna government. In Southern Cameroons, nomination of candidates was by two voters in the candidate’s electoral district; people who knew the candidates at the grassroots. Fon Angwafor III was nominated by GP Tuma, a mechanic and David Che, a teacher.

Against this background could be appreciated the fact that in French Cameroun, French men contested elections into French Cameroun Assembly within a dual electoral college system, comprising a French college and a College of indigenes. In the March 1952 elections into ATCAM, the French College elected Emile Victor Albert, Henri Chamaulte, André Duret, PM Chalot, André-Albert Gerberon, André Duru, Antoine Giard, Arthur-Louise Gouelle, Jean Grassard, Joseph Guyard, Henri Paul Journiac, Marcel Lagarde, Pierre Laouilheau, Alfred Mandon, Brieuc Penanhot, Jean-Marie Poileux, Mohamed Koudjali and Pierre Rocaglea. Form the College of indigenes came: Louis-Paul Aujoulat, Ninine Jules, Ahmadou Ahidjo, Jean Akassou, Charles Assale, Abega Martin Atangana, André-Marie Mbida, Paul Soppo Priso, Gaston Medou, André Fouda Omgba, Jean Ekwabi Ewane, Mathias Djoumessi, Dissake Hans, Babale Oumarou, Njine Michel, Arouna Njoya, Seidou Njimoulouh Njoya, Abbe Joseph Antoine Melone, Paul Francois Martin, Jean-Baptiste Mabaya, Etonde Guillaume, Charles Mbakop, Rene Blaise Mindjo, Lara Zoua, Youssouf Marouf, Ahmadou Mahonde, Marcel Marigoh Mboua, Kotouo Pierre, Ousmanou Hamidou, Iyawa Adamou, Chedjou Joseph and Alphonse Woungly-Massaga.

It is interesting to note that French citizens like Louis-Paul Aujoulat contested elections in the college of indigenes. In the view of the average Southern Cameroonian, the presence of Frenchmen in the French Cameroun parliament was a political monstrosity that advertised to the whole world a certain definition of democracy that diminishes the ideal and mocks the primacy of the indigenous people in the process. This anomaly raises fundamental questions about the average Francophone’s definition and perception of public office and explains why they are so lacking in the vital attributes of democratic engagement. In Southern Cameroons, expatriate involvement in the political process was limited to logistics. For example, EL Cox and AJ Cordy served as Chief Electoral Officers in the 1957 and 1959 elections, while AB Westmacott, Resident for Special Duties in Bamenda demarcated the constituencies. In French Cameroun, the colonial administrators picked winners and losers and elections were run by the Interior Minister designated by France. The standing view is that, he who controls the electoral machinery (pays organisateur) determines the outcome. It is a sad commentary on the character of French Cameroun politics and politicians that rigging and other electoral malpractices are deeply embedded in their political culture.

It is a matter for regret, indeed shame that Francophones continue to hee-haw the one, united and indivisible Cameroon fallacy, even as the bonds that bind the two Cameroons appear tenuous, if not snapping. A review of UN General Assembly resolutions and other international legal principles regarding the right to self-determination shows incontrovertibly that Southern Cameroons became independent in 1961, but has since been recolonized and occupied by French Cameroun. The ongoing struggle to restore Southern Cameroons independence is therefore consistent with International Law, including the right to self-determination. The right to separate from French Cameroun is also laid out under Principles VII and VIII of UN General Assembly Resolution 1541 of December 15, 1960. Besides, the obligation imposed by the UN that Southern Cameroons should obtain “independence by joining” either Nigeria or Cameroon violated Article 76(b) of the UN Charter, and UNGA Resolution 1541; both of which reaffirm independence as the inherent and inalienable right of all colonies and Trust Territories.

It all stands to reason that Cameroon was never one, united and indivisible. French Cameroun, in violation of international law, has supplanted the 1961 federation of two equal nations with annexation of Southern Cameroons. The declaration of war on Anglophones removes any pretence that Biya views Southern Cameroons as a conquered and captured people. It is indeed a pity yet again that Biya misread public opinion and chose to stand on the wrong side of history. It is evident the president still doesn’t realize that force has never triumphed over ideology in all of history. A situation where the president declares war against a section of the country, and calls them terrorists, cannot be in the interest of national unity. Such executive lawlessness is a sad manifestation of the rule of force over the rule of law. The audacity of this impunity was a reminder to Southern Cameroonians, if any was needed, that the music has changed to a war song; all Anglophone terrorists must now sing and dance the new song.

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Religion / Church

December 29, 2017
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Dear Bishop Nkea, Each day’s news bring new stories of the desperate – and all too often deadly – plight of refugees in Manyu Division. Shocking
December 10, 2017
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"Be Faithful, Even To The Point Of Death, And I Will Give You A Crown Of Life!" "Nothing Good Comes Easy!" Life has never been a bed of roses; even
November 15, 2017
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Retired Archbishop Emeritus of Douala Cardinal Christian Tumi has made another stunning revelation about the status of Southern Cameroonians in a
October 09, 2017
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A simple definition of justice is "fairness in the way people are treated." Justice is fundamental to the world. That is why in truly democratic
September 25, 2017
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All church services in the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon have been moved from Sunday, October 1, 2017, to Sarturday, September 30,
September 14, 2017
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Pascal Boade, who served in the Bafia Diocese as a technician and driver, is reported to have died mysteriously three months after the disappearance

Business / Economy

January 23, 2018
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Cameroonians willing to travel to Senegal will now henceforth benefit from new visa regulations as announced by representatives of the airline
January 23, 2018
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Cargolux, the giant freight company has decided to temporarily stop its freight to Cameroon due to a scanner breakdown which is yet to be resolved in
January 23, 2018
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National Hydrocarbons Corporation ( SNH) projections foreshadowing production of crude oil. Announcing to Cameroonians that it marketed fuel worth
January 19, 2018
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On January 17, 2018, Cameroon’s public treasury has issued CFA5 billion fungible treasury bills, with a 26-weeks maturity period, on the security
January 15, 2018
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The Kribi Sea port though shredded with controversy is another port that will ease the congestion witnessed at the Douala Water port. The Kribi
December 29, 2017
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Cameroonian exports of mahogany to Canada have more than tripled by the end of October 2017. This is revealed in a sectoral report of the

Health / Medical

January 15, 2018
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Taking the common painkiller ibuprofen has been linked in a small study with a condition affecting male fertility problems. Male fertility is
November 24, 2017
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Coffee may not only give you a morning boost; it also may have significant health benefits. So says a review by British scientists of more than
October 20, 2017
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KAMPALA — Uganda’s ministry of health confirmed Thursday that one person has died of Marburg hemorrhagic fever, a close relative of the Ebola virus.
September 19, 2017
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An emergency vaccination campaign is getting under way in northeastern Nigeria to prevent a deadly cholera outbreak from spreading to other
September 08, 2017
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ONDON —  At least 1.4 million people uprooted by Boko Haram's insurgency in northeast Nigeria are living in 'cholera hotspots,' prey to an
September 06, 2017
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The Minister of Public Health has appointed Jean II  Dissongo Regional Delegate of Public Health for Littoral, barely 19 months after his sacking.The

Daily / Newsbrief

January 23, 2018
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The imprints of the prawns. In a subtle manner,the vociferous Cameroono- American writer nails LA Republique Du Cameroun. Patrice Nganang emphasis
January 19, 2018
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Madam Mekam Flore, a Cameroonian of French Nationality was discovered dead under mysterious circumstances at her Dschang residence. She was
January 19, 2018
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The state of Cameroon understands the prerequisite of a functional social insurance for workers, most importantly for workers regularized under the
January 17, 2018
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Strange things are happening in Bamenda. A lifeless body of a masculine baby is now shaking and quacking Bamenda. This lifeless body was discovered
January 17, 2018
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The excessive Cold and chilly atmosphere in Dschang, could have necessitated the use of charcoal to heat the room. Unfortunately the carbon monoxide
January 17, 2018
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The inhabitants of Essos and its environs got up to a very tense and terse environment . Judicial Police and Gendarmerie elements were spreading

Headlines On Cameroonian English Tabloids

Showbiz / Music

January 17, 2018
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Scandals of such magnitude in Cameroon keep multiplying on a daily basis. How could a young luxuriant beautiful woman without brains be crowned Miss
September 27, 2017
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Reports going round suggest Nigerian duo P Square have split up after a misunderstanding . Peter and Paul Okoye, twin brothers, have reportedly gone
July 15, 2017
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Reports say a documentary on the life of the former captain of the Indomitable Lions of Cameroon will be presented at the Ecrans noirs film festival
July 13, 2017
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The American gospel singer has tweeted after he was reported to be dead by a certain website, HoustonChronicle-TV.com on Wednesday 12 July 2017.
July 01, 2017
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The SDO for Douala 5, Tchakui Nounde Jean Marie, has signed a release banning the controversial Cameroonian musician, Maahlox le vibeur from holding
June 18, 2017
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Cameroonian rapper Mahlox, who is popularly known for his song "ça sort comme ça sort", was reportedly agressed yestersay June 17. He had gone to

Modern Villa For Sale in Yaounde Cameroon

Cameroon Concord  is an online publication covering and reporting on  local and world news, sports, entertainment, politics, business, and religious news. Serving Cameroonians .

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