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Apr 20, 2018

Cameroon: Government refutes claims about closure of Douala airport

The Director of Cameroonian airports has said in a communiqué published on 18 ...
Apr 20, 2018

Football: Is Cameroon to finally host AFCON 2019!

CAF has official sent the logo of the 2019 African cup of Nations to the ...
Apr 15, 2018

SDF partisans say they never wanted to be appointed senators

After the publication of the list of appointed senators by Paul Biya, without ...
Apr 13, 2018

Cameroon-senatorial appointments: Senators vow to fight for Biya's stay in power

Paul Biya, made public on Thursday 12 April 2018, a list of 30 appointed ...
Apr 11, 2018

Commonwealth games 2018: Cameroonian athletes reported missing in Australia

Five Cameroonian athletes taking part in the 2018 commonwealth games in ...
Apr 9, 2018

Cameroon: Agbor Balla condemns kidnappings, calls for release of Justice Mbeng Martin

Cameroonian barrister Agbor Balla, following the news about the abduction of ...
Apr 5, 2018

Atanga Nji restricts the sales of arms in six Regions of Cameroon

The Minister of Territorial administration Atanga Nji Paul, has restricted the ...
Apr 4, 2018

Cameroon: Senatorial election petitions at the Constitutional council.

The social Democratic Front( SDF) and the Cameroon Democratic Union( CDU) all ...
Apr 3, 2018

Ambazonian Fighters Arrest Divisional Officer for Wabane in Lebialem Division

The Divisional Officer for Wabane in Lebialem Division has been arrested by ...
Apr 3, 2018

Cameroon: Former indomitable lion, Onana Eloundou is no more

The former national team defender, Onana Eloundou, who took part in the 1982 ...
Apr 3, 2018

Samuel Etoo not happy with Jeune Afrique for pulling 'April fool' using him

Cameroonian football professional Samuel Etoo, is very angry with Jeune Afrique ...
Mar 31, 2018

CAF office in Yaounde closed and inaugurated in Madagascar

A new CAF office has been inaugurated in Madagascar on Friday 30 March 2018, ...
Mar 29, 2018

Senatorial elections: CPDM denies SDF's victory in the Northwest

Some members of the Northwest Regional commission for vote counting do not ...
Mar 28, 2018

Senatorial Elections: President of Constitutional council installs vote counting commission

A 21-member vote counting commission for the March 25 senatorial elections in ...
Mar 27, 2018

Atanga Nji Mocks NW Fons For Crowning Biya 'Fon Of Fons'

Paul Atanga Nji, Cameroon's Minister of Territorial Administration has told the ...

Sports / Games

April 20, 2018
CAF has official sent the logo of the 2019 African cup of Nations to the Cameroon Football Federation. {loadposition myposition}The logo was sent
April 11, 2018
Five Cameroonian athletes taking part in the 2018 commonwealth games in Australia, have gone missing. {loadposition myposition}   The five
April 03, 2018
The former national team defender, Onana Eloundou, who took part in the 1982 world cup in Spain, is dead. He died on Monday, following an illness.
April 03, 2018
Cameroonian football professional Samuel Etoo, is very angry with Jeune Afrique and France 24 for using him for their April fool prank.
March 31, 2018
A new CAF office has been inaugurated in Madagascar on Friday 30 March 2018, after the closure of the one which used to be in Yaounde.
March 26, 2018
Lionel Bong, a defender who plays for Young Sports academy, and who was called to the national squad ahead of the clash against Kuwait on Sunday 25

Cameroon Today

Paul Atanga Nji, Cameroon's Minister of Territorial Administration has told the Fons of the North West Region to stop complaining about upheavals in the Anglophone Regions of Cameroon. According
February 14, 2018
African rulers have shown the world that primitivism is still very much alive in Africa and that leadership in most French Africa is still controlled by the monstrous FrancAfrique which is very
April 07, 2018
Five deaths have been recorded in a road accident which occurred on the Mbalmayo-Yaounde road axis. {loadposition myposition}   The tragic incident took place on Friday 06 April 2018 at about
July 14, 2017
Governor Adolphe Lele Lafrique and Camair-Co GM Ernest Dikoum have appreciated the state of preparedness ahead of July 20, 2017 inaugural flight. From the look of things, the Bamenda airport is
One, United & Indivisible Cameroon  When Independence is worse than Colonization

No other territory in history has been so exploited and left to gnash its teeth in psychological and physical agony as Southern Cameroons following its recolonization by French Cameroun.

By Ekinneh Agbaw-Ebai*

From 1953, Southern Cameroons was, to all intents and purposes, a country of its own, with almost all the appurtenances of a nation state, including self-governance, its own police force, parliament, and a senate known as the House of Chiefs. Despite the one, united and indivisible Cameroon hoax, the fact is that French Cameroun was a different country which gained independence from France on January 1, 1960 (as Republic of Cameroun) with international borders that did not include Southern Cameroons; which gained independence after a UN referendum on February 11, 1961. Even after the independent Southern Cameroons state joined French Cameroun in a two-state federation to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon on October 1, 1961, no Union Treaty was registered with the UN General Assembly secretariat as mandated by Articles 102 and 103 of the UN Charter. Over the past 56 years, the international community has looked the other way while Southern Cameroonians have been denied their independence. Southern Cameroonians have been emasculated to concur in the despoliation of their land by their passive indifference and cold complicity in the face of reckless dissipation of their commonwealth by French Cameroun. For a people that already experienced such high level of self-government under colonial rule, this anomaly makes independence worse than colonialization.

The occupation, annexation and colonial rule of Southern Cameroons by French Cameroun violates Article 4(b) of the African Union Constitutive act. It also violates UN resolutions against colonialism and external domination of other people; and it contravenes Articles 19-24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Right; and other principles of International Law. In short, it is recolonization, pure and simple. The unilateral abrogation of the two-state Federation by French Cameroun under the subterfuge of the May 20, 1972 referendum was a constitutional coup d’état, which violated Art 47 of the Federal Constitution. The plebiscite vote never made Cameroon one, united and indivisible; nor was it intended to. Even were Southern Cameroons to be an integral part of French Cameroun, any such referendum on abolishing the federation ought to have been an issue solely for the people of Southern Cameroons to decide, since they were the ones who voted to join French Cameroun, in the first instance.

The two Cameroons were never one, because post-German Kamerun, the two territories remained fundamentally different in terms of political evolution and governance. Southern Cameroons evolved a functional parliamentary democracy, whereas French Cameroun was administered as a French overseas territory, and remained tragically stuck as a French neo-colonial outpost even after independence in 1960. From 1953-1961, Southern Cameroons was a vibrant democracy with an electoral system based on direct adult universal suffrage with single-member constituencies. Elections into the Southern Cameroons House of Assembly featured only indigenous parties like KNC, KPP, CPNC and KNDP, which had broad appeal across the six divisions of Victoria, Kumba, Mamfe, Bamenda, Wum and Nkambe.

Unlike Southern Cameroons, the democratic framework in French Cameroun was aligned to France. French men contested elections in French Cameroun and French Cameroun politicians contested elections into the French National Assembly (Assemble de l’Union Francaise (AUF), and the Conseil de la Republique, the French Senate. British parties never contested elections in Southern Cameroons. The opposite was true in French Cameroun where, French political parties like Rassemblement de Gauches, Mouvement Républicain Populaire (MRP), and Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, (SFIO) dominated electoral contests into the French Cameroun parliament – the Assemblée Representative du Cameroun (ARCAM), later transformed to Assemble Territoriale du Cameroun (ATCAM) in 1952.

Until the UPC was created, political parties in French Cameroun like Jeunesse Camerounaise Francaise (JEUCAFRA), Union des Camerounaise Francaise (UNICAFRA) and Association des Colons du Cameroun (ASOCAM) were administrative parties created to defend French interests and all espoused attachment to “Mother France.” When the UPC led by Mayi Matip was banned in 1955, the parties that contested the December 1956 elections in French Cameroun like Ahidjo’s Union Camerounaise (UC), Andre-Marie Mbida’s Partie de Democrates Camerounaise (DC) and Betote Akwa’s Action Nationale (MANC) were more or less satellite tribal groups. In Southern Cameroons, political parties were tribe neutral, but in French Cameroun, every ethnic group had a party. There was even one to defend the interests of Mollatoes; cross-breeds of Franco-Cameroun heritage led by an elected MP, Frenchman, Léon Foulétier.

In matters of electoral politics, Southern Cameroons was a showroom of political pluralism in its day. Right from the first elections to the Southern Cameroons House of Assembly (SCHA) on October 26, 1953; Simon Enow Ncha, blazed the trail to run as an independent candidate, in Mamfe Division, defeating the two main political party candidates - Martin Forju (KPP) and Chief SA Arrey (KNC). SE Ncha inspired other independent candidates like Solomon Anyeghamoti Ndefru (SAN) Angwafor, now Fon Angwafor III, who defeated DA Nangah (KNDP) and Maximus Chibikom (OK) in the 1961 elections in Upper Ngemba. Ncha also inspired Bernard Tajoh Beja (BTB) Foretia, who ran as an independent and lost the 1961 elections in Mamfe East to the formidable KNDP baron PM Kemcha, whom he eventually replaced in the 1968 Muna government. In Southern Cameroons, nomination of candidates was by two voters in the candidate’s electoral district; people who knew the candidates at the grassroots. Fon Angwafor III was nominated by GP Tuma, a mechanic and David Che, a teacher.

Against this background could be appreciated the fact that in French Cameroun, French men contested elections into French Cameroun Assembly within a dual electoral college system, comprising a French college and a College of indigenes. In the March 1952 elections into ATCAM, the French College elected Emile Victor Albert, Henri Chamaulte, André Duret, PM Chalot, André-Albert Gerberon, André Duru, Antoine Giard, Arthur-Louise Gouelle, Jean Grassard, Joseph Guyard, Henri Paul Journiac, Marcel Lagarde, Pierre Laouilheau, Alfred Mandon, Brieuc Penanhot, Jean-Marie Poileux, Mohamed Koudjali and Pierre Rocaglea. Form the College of indigenes came: Louis-Paul Aujoulat, Ninine Jules, Ahmadou Ahidjo, Jean Akassou, Charles Assale, Abega Martin Atangana, André-Marie Mbida, Paul Soppo Priso, Gaston Medou, André Fouda Omgba, Jean Ekwabi Ewane, Mathias Djoumessi, Dissake Hans, Babale Oumarou, Njine Michel, Arouna Njoya, Seidou Njimoulouh Njoya, Abbe Joseph Antoine Melone, Paul Francois Martin, Jean-Baptiste Mabaya, Etonde Guillaume, Charles Mbakop, Rene Blaise Mindjo, Lara Zoua, Youssouf Marouf, Ahmadou Mahonde, Marcel Marigoh Mboua, Kotouo Pierre, Ousmanou Hamidou, Iyawa Adamou, Chedjou Joseph and Alphonse Woungly-Massaga.

It is interesting to note that French citizens like Louis-Paul Aujoulat contested elections in the college of indigenes. In the view of the average Southern Cameroonian, the presence of Frenchmen in the French Cameroun parliament was a political monstrosity that advertised to the whole world a certain definition of democracy that diminishes the ideal and mocks the primacy of the indigenous people in the process. This anomaly raises fundamental questions about the average Francophone’s definition and perception of public office and explains why they are so lacking in the vital attributes of democratic engagement. In Southern Cameroons, expatriate involvement in the political process was limited to logistics. For example, EL Cox and AJ Cordy served as Chief Electoral Officers in the 1957 and 1959 elections, while AB Westmacott, Resident for Special Duties in Bamenda demarcated the constituencies. In French Cameroun, the colonial administrators picked winners and losers and elections were run by the Interior Minister designated by France. The standing view is that, he who controls the electoral machinery (pays organisateur) determines the outcome. It is a sad commentary on the character of French Cameroun politics and politicians that rigging and other electoral malpractices are deeply embedded in their political culture.

It is a matter for regret, indeed shame that Francophones continue to hee-haw the one, united and indivisible Cameroon fallacy, even as the bonds that bind the two Cameroons appear tenuous, if not snapping. A review of UN General Assembly resolutions and other international legal principles regarding the right to self-determination shows incontrovertibly that Southern Cameroons became independent in 1961, but has since been recolonized and occupied by French Cameroun. The ongoing struggle to restore Southern Cameroons independence is therefore consistent with International Law, including the right to self-determination. The right to separate from French Cameroun is also laid out under Principles VII and VIII of UN General Assembly Resolution 1541 of December 15, 1960. Besides, the obligation imposed by the UN that Southern Cameroons should obtain “independence by joining” either Nigeria or Cameroon violated Article 76(b) of the UN Charter, and UNGA Resolution 1541; both of which reaffirm independence as the inherent and inalienable right of all colonies and Trust Territories.

It all stands to reason that Cameroon was never one, united and indivisible. French Cameroun, in violation of international law, has supplanted the 1961 federation of two equal nations with annexation of Southern Cameroons. The declaration of war on Anglophones removes any pretence that Biya views Southern Cameroons as a conquered and captured people. It is indeed a pity yet again that Biya misread public opinion and chose to stand on the wrong side of history. It is evident the president still doesn’t realize that force has never triumphed over ideology in all of history. A situation where the president declares war against a section of the country, and calls them terrorists, cannot be in the interest of national unity. Such executive lawlessness is a sad manifestation of the rule of force over the rule of law. The audacity of this impunity was a reminder to Southern Cameroonians, if any was needed, that the music has changed to a war song; all Anglophone terrorists must now sing and dance the new song.

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Religion / Church

February 14, 2018
Lent is a special moment in the history of the Church that begins every 14 of February to mark one month of fasting and meditation to commemorate the
January 29, 2018
Fear Pentecostal churches. I repeat, fear Pentecostal churches. My heart aches as I try to articulate my thoughts. Any person of goodwill should be
December 29, 2017
Dear Bishop Nkea, Each day’s news bring new stories of the desperate – and all too often deadly – plight of refugees in Manyu Division. Shocking
December 10, 2017
"Be Faithful, Even To The Point Of Death, And I Will Give You A Crown Of Life!" "Nothing Good Comes Easy!" Life has never been a bed of roses; even
November 15, 2017
Retired Archbishop Emeritus of Douala Cardinal Christian Tumi has made another stunning revelation about the status of Southern Cameroonians in a
October 09, 2017
A simple definition of justice is "fairness in the way people are treated." Justice is fundamental to the world. That is why in truly democratic

Business / Economy

April 04, 2018
Formerly the managing director of BICEC, Alain Ripert has been promoted to the position of administrator of BICEC and member of the board of CEPAC in
April 03, 2018
LOME, Togo, April 3, 2018/ -- The upgraded version of Ecobank’s (www.Ecobank.com) revolutionary mobile app has attracted 3 million new customers in
March 16, 2018
Switzerland disburses CFA3.4 billion to promote renewable energy projects in Cameroon. This was revealed on March 14, 2018, during the first meeting
March 16, 2018
 Port autonome de Kribi (PAK) has just launched a call for expression of interest to pre-qualify the companies that are willing to operate the
March 13, 2018
The Hygiene and Sanitation Company dawned their beach duty equipment such as trucks, Caterpillars and general cleaners today, the 12 of March, 2018
March 09, 2018
Philémon Zo’o Zame, managing director of Cameroon’s telecommunication regulatory agency (ART) took a step further in the agency’s fight against the

Health / Medical

March 20, 2018
According to the National Cameroon daily, Cameroon Tribune, the Regional Hospital under construction as well as refurbishment shall become functional
March 19, 2018
From 2018 to 2020, the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria will provide CFA108 billion to Cameroon to help the country fight against the
March 01, 2018
On this day February 28, Germany and UNICEF have launched the second phase of the project named "S'attaquer à la malnutrition chez les enfants de
January 29, 2018
From the 22nd to the 27th of January 2018, Bafoussam was the venue of intensive training of the North West Rapid Response Team (RRT). The team was
January 15, 2018
Taking the common painkiller ibuprofen has been linked in a small study with a condition affecting male fertility problems. Male fertility is
November 24, 2017
Coffee may not only give you a morning boost; it also may have significant health benefits. So says a review by British scientists of more than

Daily / Newsbrief

April 20, 2018
The Director of Cameroonian airports has said in a communiqué published on 18 April 2018, that rumours circulating about the closure of the Douala
April 09, 2018
Cameroonian barrister Agbor Balla, following the news about the abduction of Justice Mbeng Martin, has strongly condemned the kidnappings that are
April 06, 2018
Wonders they say shall never end as this CPDM party stalwart promises to pay Biya's caution fee of 30million CFA francs. This business magnet must
April 05, 2018
The Minister of Territorial administration Atanga Nji Paul, has restricted the sales of arms in some Regions of Cameroon and says his decision comes
March 20, 2018
As reported by Cameroon Tribune, a large contingent of the African Standby Defence force, shall have joint or combined military training drills,
March 19, 2018
On March 14, 2018, during the hearing at the correctional chamber of Eséka court, Jean Pierre Morel, the current managing director of CAMRAIL said

Headlines On Cameroonian English Tabloids

Showbiz / Music

February 18, 2018
Between the scissors and the pen, fashion designer Wazal Ayissi makes no difference. His overflowing inspiration led him into writing and narrating
February 16, 2018
The people of Bambalang -kingdom in Ndop will on Sunday 18th February 2018 exhibit a rich custom at the cultural festival known as SHA'ATANG. This
January 25, 2018
On Thursday 25th of January 2018, the Miss Cameroon Committee, the President of the Jury for the 2018 edition have been invited this Thursday, 25th
January 17, 2018
Scandals of such magnitude in Cameroon keep multiplying on a daily basis. How could a young luxuriant beautiful woman without brains be crowned Miss
September 27, 2017
Reports going round suggest Nigerian duo P Square have split up after a misunderstanding . Peter and Paul Okoye, twin brothers, have reportedly gone
July 15, 2017
Reports say a documentary on the life of the former captain of the Indomitable Lions of Cameroon will be presented at the Ecrans noirs film festival

Modern Villa For Sale in Yaounde Cameroon

Cameroon Concord  is an online publication covering and reporting on  local and world news, sports, entertainment, politics, business, and religious news. Serving Cameroonians .



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