Mugabe and Biya share one thing in common. And that is China, their greatest trading partner and propaganda mentor. Both regimes bought the Chinese-manufactured machines to strangle politico-social mobilization that they perceived as "threats" to their life-time rule.
The machines are 100 percent effective in blocking Facebook as in China, and also WhatsApp. This is what Professor Noam Chomsky described as "disciplining the media" or "flak" in his book Manufacturing Consent.
With China increasing its presence around the continent and hawking its Chinese Communist Party (CPP) propaganda techniques here and there, expect what I predict as the "decline of democratization in Africa." Sad enough, the CPP has a well-established institution called the "Department of Propaganda (Zhōnggòng Zhōngyāng Xuānchuán Bù).
Wealth inequality between citizens and the state, lessons learned from the Arab Spring, and the growing gap between the West and Africa are speeding up the use of new propaganda techniques by governments borrowed from China, and forcing a decline of democratization.
Once again, the future of democracy in Africa is bleak.