This is for my non-cameroonian family and friends trying to understand what is going on in Cameroon.
For decades a minority English-speaking region has faced institutional marginalisation and social disregard. The educational and legal system best reflect it. E.g entry into higher training institutions for civil service, medicine school etc were largely only available in French although the constitution states both English and French are official languages. For this reason until lately (less than 10yrs) almost all English speaking doctors of Cameroonian origin were forced to train abroad, mostly through personal efforts.
In the last months this minority has been on strikes initiated by lawyers and teachers, using civil disobedience to get their voices heard. Negotiations were started by the government who turned around and arrested all the negotiators and leading activists for threatening national security and integrity. Internet has also been clamped down in the english speaking regions of Cameroon since Jan 17th.
Arbitrary arrests of persons seen as a threat to the government are going on. Many are on the run. The number of deaths officially range btw 6 to 10 persons.
The people have since then decided to continue the strikes which mostly affects courts and schools.
The document you find below is a ministerial order asking the rector of a university to translate upcoming exams in English.
The most important detail in this document which is only written in French as usual is the given reason for the needed translation: because of the current crisis in the English-speaking Northwest and Southwest regions.
So it is not because it is constitutionally right to do so but simply because the people are protesting. This is just another proof of Anglophone Marginalisation in Institutions.
Senior Journalist Ekinneh Agbaw-Ebai commented on the said document from the minister on his Facebook wall:
Two more people died Tuesday in demonstrations supporting striking teachers after Guinea's government announced an agreement with the country's two largest teacher unions on ending walkouts that have closed schools since the beginning of the month.
A total of seven people were killed on Monday and Tuesday as police clashed with students protesting in support of teachers and demanding an agreement so they could return to classes. Violence on Monday also injured 30 people, and police arrested 12, the government said.
In a statement Tuesday, the government condemned violence, and said an investigation had been opened into the deaths.
The government said teachers would have to wait until September for pay increases, but other details of the agreement signed late Monday were not available. The strikes began in early February demanding pay raises and better training for contracted teachers.
Souleymane Sy Savane, secretary-general for Guinea's Free Trade Union of Teachers and Researchers, said schools would re-open Wednesday as negotiations continue.
But others said they did not agree with the settlement and wanted the pay increase immediately.
"This agreement is binding only for the trade union officials who signed it, and we are basically challenging it until the re-evaluation (pay raise) is effective," Kalidou Diallo, administrative secretary of the union, told private radio station Lynx FM early Tuesday.
The unions said Monday that they were seeking a pay raise of between 7.5 percent and 10.3 percent.
Police responded with force to Monday's demonstrations by hundreds of students. The dead were shot at close range by riot police and gendarmerie, a hospital worker said. The staffer insisted on speaking anonymously because he was not permitted to speak to the media.
Simplifying the payment of taxes will still be one of the main guiding principles of the Inland Revenue Service (DGI in French) this year, we learned at the end of the last coordination meeting of the central, external and decentralised services of the Cameroonian tax administration, organised in Maroua, in the Extreme-North region.
Indeed, to maximise the collection of revenue in 2017, DGI announced, among other innovations, “the installation of electronic terminals for the payment of income tax and other taxes in tax administration services, as well as the implementation of a cash payment system at bank counters; the extension of tax payment by mobile telephone and implementation of a declaration system through mobile telephone for small taxpayers”.
According to the tax administration management, meeting the State’s collection targets assigned to DGI in 2017 goes through this type of initiative. As a reminder, FCfa 1,843 billion are expected from DGI this year, against FCfa 1,715 billion in 2016.
The cotton production in Cameroon should drop by approximately 10,000 tons during the 2016-2017 season. Indeed, production forecasts from Société de Développement du Coton (Sodecoton), the agribusiness giant in Northern-Cameroon, officially peak at 248,150 tons of cottonseeds, against 258,000 tons produced during the last season.
Despite this slight decrease which can be imputed to the harsh climate, the company’s provisional figures shown during the Promote Fair, an economic event which ended on 19 February 2017 in Yaoundé; ginning activities, will ultimately, help getting slightly more fibres than during the past cotton season. Representing 109,000 tons in total, against 107,000 tons in 2015-2016.
The company’s crushing activities will be more dynamic during the current season, with a cumulated production of cotton and soy oil estimated at 17 million litres, in increase by 2 million litres compared to the previous season. Concurrently, cottonseed meal production, highly sought as livestock feed, is announced at 65,213 tons, a slight drop compared to the 66,000 tons produced in 2015-2016.
The turnover of the company is also expected to increase at FCfa 122.662 billion, against FCfa 114 billion during the previous season. To reach this target, Sodecoton launched a challenge meant to reward distributors who have the best turnover, and was able to get partners to boost the distribution of its cotton and soy oils in Southern-Cameroon.
The expected performances are the consequence of a slew of measures taken these past months by the management of this company, who has been facing financial difficulties for at least 2 years. Indeed, we learned from reliable sources, through its equity and with the support of the State of Cameroon, shareholder owning 59% of Sodecoton, 70% of the industrial equipment and fleet of the company were renovated, while the credit line negotiated with the Islamic Development Bank (IDB), to purchase fertilisers to distribute to producers, was increased; moving from FCfa 8.5 to 13 billion.
Police in Dubai have taken into custody 10 Cameroonians who are said to be members of a gang that robbed Dh3.6 million($1.5million) from a money exchange office on February 15, according to reports on Gulf News.
Lieutenant General Dahi Khalfan Tamim, Deputy Chairman of “Police and General Security” in Dubai, said the 10 suspects were arrested and the money was recovered from them within 48 hours.
“The gang stole money from an exchange office in Dubai, but we arrested them and recovered the money. Officers from the Criminal Investigation Department played a great role in arresting the gang and recover the money,” Lt General Tamim said.
Major-General Khalil Ebrahim Al Mansouri, Assistant to the Dubai Police Chief for Criminal Investigation Affairs, said on February 15 the police received a call about a robbery at a hotel at Muraqabbat area.
It was found that an Arabic businessman was conned by the gang members who told him that they would invest his money and he called the exchange office asking them to bring the money to the hotel room.
“He was a trusted customer and the exchange officials knew him, so they sent three Asian employees who brought the money in bags. When the employees and the businessman entered the room, the gang attacked them and used tape to muzzle them and tied their hands and legs before stealing the money,” Major-General Al Mansouri said. The suspects fled the hotel with the money.
A cleaner who was checking the room, found the four men and informed the police.
The police launched a major hunt and managed to identify the men before arresting them in a neighbouring emirate. Another suspect was arrested while trying to leave the country.
However, three suspects had left the country to Oman, and Dubai Police arrested them in cooperation with Omani police authority. They were caught with Dh100,000 and the rest of the money was recovered in Dubai.
“It was a hard task for Dubai Police as the Arabic businessman didn’t know they were a gang and he thought they were investors. He made a mistake by transferring the money to a hotel room without using a proper transportation company to secure the money,” Maj General Al Mazroui added.
The ten suspects will be referred to Dubai Public Prosecution.
Cameroon Bassist Richard Bona, was the first to publicly tell the story of a Cameroonian minister who presented a French passport in front of him,something most people in Cameroon never thought of.
In its publication of October 11, 2016, a French newspaper in Cameroon "Le Jeune Enquêteur" published a "complete list" of ministers serving in the Biya's regime who are bi nationals.
Out of the long list, three of the ministers are holders of an American passport, meanwhile (Henri Eyebe Ayissi, Ernest Ngoua Boubou and Paul Atanga Nji)all the others are French. All or almost all, since it is only rumoured that the Prime Minister, Philemon Yang, possesses a Canadian passport. Below is the complete list:
Prime Minister, Head of Government, Mr. Philemon Yang(Canadian passport ?)
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister Delegate for the Presidency in charge of relations with the Assemblies, Mr. Amadou Ali. (French Passport)
Ministers of State
• Minister of State, Minister of Tourism and Recreation, Mr. Bello Bouba Maïgari. (French Passport)
• Minister of State, Minister of Justice, Keeper of the Seals, Mr. Laurent Esso. (French Passport)
• Minister Delegate for the Presidency, in charge of Defense, Mr. Joseph Beti Assomo. (French passport)
• Minister Delegate for the Presidency of State Superior Control, Mrs. Rose Mbah Acha. (French Passport)
• Deputy Minister for Public Procurement, Mr. Abba Sadou. (French Passport)
• Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization, Mr. René Sadi. (French Passport)
• Minister of Social Affairs, Mrs. Pauline Irène Nguene. (French Passport)
• Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Mr. Henri Eyebe Ayissi. (American passport)
• Minister of Arts and Culture, Jean Narcisse Mouelle Kombi. (French Passport)
• Minister of Commerce, Mr. Luc Magloire Mbarga Atangana. (French Passport)
• Minister of Communication, Mr. Issa Tchiroma Bakary. (French Passport)
• Minister of Lands, Cadastre and Land Matters, Ms. Jacqueline Koung A Bissike. (French Passport)
• Minister of Water and Energy, Mr. Basile Atangana Kouna. (French Passport)
• Louis Paul Motaze, Minister of Economy, Planning and Land Planning. (French Passport)
• Minister of Basic Education, Ms. Youssouf Hadidja Alim. (French Passport)
• Minister of Livestock, Fisheries and Animal Industries, Dr Taiga. (French Passport)
• Minister of Employment and Vocational Training, Mr. Zacharie Perevet. (French Passport)
• Minister of Secondary Education, Mr. Jean Ernest Ngalle Bibehe Masséna. (French Passport)
• Minister of Higher Education, Mr. Jacques Fame Ndongo. (French Passport)
• Minister of the Environment, Conservation and Sustainable Development, Mr. Pierre Helé. (French Passport)
• Minister of Finance, Mr. Alamine Ousmane Mey. (French Passport)
• Minister of Public Service and Administrative Reform, Mr. Michel Ange Angouin. (French Passport)
• Minister of Forests and Wildlife, Mr. Ngole Philip Ngwese. (French Passport)
• Minister of Housing and Urban Development, Mr. Jean Claude Mbwentchou. (French Passport)
• Minister of Youth and Civic Education, Mr. Mounouna Foutsou. (French Passport)
• Minister of Mines, Industry and Technological Development, Mr. Hernest Ngoua Boubou. (American Passport)
• Minister of Small and Medium Enterprises, Social Economy and Crafts, Mr. Laurent Serge Etoundi Ngoa. (French Passport)
• Minister of Posts and Telecommunications, Mrs. Minette Libom Li Likeng. (French Passport)
• Minister for the Advancement of Women and the Family, Mrs. Marie-Thérèse Abena Ondoa. (French Passport)
• Minister for Scientific Research and Innovation, Ms Madeleine Tchuinte. (French Passport)
• Minister of External Relations, Mr. Lejeune Mbella Mbella. (French Passport)
• Minister of Public Health, Mr. André Mama Fouda. (French Passport)
• Minister of Sports and Physical Education, Mr. Pierre Ismaël Bidoung Kpwatt. (French Passport)
• Minister of Transport, Mr. Edgard Alain Mebe Ngo'o. (French Passport)
• Minister of Labor and Social Security, Mr. Grégoire Owona. (French Passport)
• Minister of Public Works, Mr. Patrice Amba Salla. (French Passport)
- Minister Delegate to the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization in charge of Decentralized Territorial Authorities, Mr. Ndongo Jules Doret. (French Passport)
• Minister Delegate to the Minister for Agriculture and Rural Development in charge of rural development, Mrs Clémentine Ananga Messina. (French Passport)
• Minister Nana Aboubakar Djalloh, Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Sustainable Development. (French Passport)
• Minister Delegate to the Minister of Economy, Planning and Land Planning, Mr. Abdoulaye Yaouba. (French Passport)
• Minister Delegate to the Minister of Finance, Mr. Paul Che Eloum. (French Passport)
• Minister Delegate to the Minister of Justice, Garde des Sceaux, Mr. Jean-Pierre Fogui. (French Passport)
• Minister delegated to the Minister of Foreign Affairs in charge of cooperation with the Commonwealth, Mr. Jospeh Dion Ngute. (French Passport)
• Minister Delegate to the Minister of Foreign Affairs in charge of cooperation with the Islamic world, Mr. Adoum Gargoum. (French Passport)